Safeguarding Children Policy
· Links to The Every Child Matters Framework Change for Children 2004 – keeping children safe
· EYFS – Section 3 Welfare; 3.8-3.9
· Convention on Rights of the Child, UNICEF, 1989
· Data Protection Act
Caz Warwick is the Safeguarding children Officer responsible for overall co-ordinating, implementing and monitoring of this policy although all staff will have child protection training as part of their induction and ongoing training.
At nursery all staff members have a role to play in protecting children in our care. If we have any reason to suspect a child in our care is being abused then we have a ‘duty of care’ to take action on behalf of the child.
· Children at Nursery will be cared for at all times during the session they attend.
· Each member of staff will be registered fit to work in the nursery by an enhanced disclosure certificate issued by the CRB (Criminal Records Bureau)
In accordance with the Ofsted regulations for registration 2002 we will work in partnership with TMG to ensure all staff, including supply staff, have a CRB enhanced disclosure and medical clearance. The certificate numbers will be recorded in the file kept in the filing cabinet in the Laundry room.
These procedures will be shared with parents before admission to day care. A copy of this policy is available for parents to see.
· All new staff are inducted by detailed guidance on this policy and also are aware of the guidance ‘What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused’.
· We will seek and supply training opportunities for all adults working with children in the nursery to ensure they recognise the symptoms of possible physical abuse, neglect, emotional abuse and sexual abuse. The officer will monitor the training so it is current and on a yearly basis the policy is reviewed and earlier if dictated by Ofsted.
Abuse falls into 4 main categories:
Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, scalding, drowning, suffocation, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child.
This is persistent emotional ill treatment of a child which may cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. This may involve conveying to the child that they are worthless, unloved or inadequate. It may cause children to constantly feel frightened or in danger.
This involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether of not the child is aware of what is happening. The acts may involve physical contact (e.g. rape), or non physical contact (e.g. pornographic material or watching sexual activity) either of these may encourage children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
This is the persistent failure to meet the needs of the child, which are likely result in a serious impairment in the child’s health or development. This may mean failing to provide adequate food, shelter, clothing and protecting them from physical harm or danger.
What we do if we have concerns about a child’s welfare:
· Speak to the manager/designated safeguarding children person
· We will follow the guidelines for each level of concern as set out by the document - What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused, this document is part of this policy. (This can be found in the Child Protection folder in the laundry)
· Keep a factual note of our concerns. A specific and confidential report will be set up, quite separate from the usual records of the child’s ongoing progress and development. The record will include the name and address of the child and their age, time and dated observations, describing objectively the child’s behaviour/appearance, without comment or interpretation; where possible the exact words spoken by the child, the date and the name of the recorder. Details of any previous concerns and details of explanation given by parent of the child.
· Such records will be kept in a separate file and will only be accessible to the team leader and her/his key worker.
· If necessary seek advice from professionals/Child’s Health Visitor. We may contact Gloucestershire safeguarding children board for advice and speak to a duty social worker (we do not have to give the child’s name at this point) the duty social worker will advise us whether our concerns are justified and what actions to take if any.
· If a report on a child is made to the authorities, the child’s parents will be informed at the same time the report is made.
The group will maintain contact with the registering authority and review this policy in accordance with the Gloucestershire Safe Guarding Children Board (Tel:01452 583636/ CYPD children’s helpdesk 01452 426565 Web site www.gscb.org.uk)
· If we consider it appropriate to share concerns with the parents then we will do this, however, if;
· We suspect sexual abuse
· We do not get an explanation which we feel is consistent or acceptable from the parent or carer
· We feel discussing it with the parents will further risk or harm the child
· We think a criminal offence is being committed
· Then we have the right to contact Safeguarding children Services without speaking to the parents.
CYPD children’s helpdesk: 01452 426565
Safeguarding children services number in office hours: 01452 583636
Emergency Duty room out of office hours: 01452 614194
Out of hours police control room: 0845 0901234
How we respond if a child has disclosed something to us
If a child tells us something, it is important that we respond appropriately, we:
· DO listen
· DON’T interrogate the child, we may ask for clarification but we do not ask leading questions. Misguiding or inappropriate questioning can do more harm than good
· DON’T make promises to the child that we can’t keep, make it clear to a child that we will have to talk to someone in order to help them
· DO record the information as accurately as we can, including the timing, setting and those who were present, as well as what was said.
How we protect ourselves
· Staff will be trained so as to not make themselves vulnerable. In the case that we suspect abuse, no single adult will be left alone with the child.
· If a child sustains an injury we ensure we record it, inform the parent and get them to sign the accident form.
· If a child arrives at nursery with an injury, we ask for an explanation, record the injury and explanation
· We try and avoid being left alone in a room, however, if we are alone we ensure that the door is left open and that there are people around.
· We avoid engaging in rough play as accidental injury could be caused to the child.
· We avoid doing personal things the child could do themselves.
If an allegation is made against a member of staff
Social services and Ofsted will be notified
The staff member will be suspended with no pay until the matter is resolved, however pay will be reimbursed if the staff member is found not guilty.
The staff member’s position within the nursery will be reviewed once the matter is resolved.
All allegations will be investigated seriously and a record will be made. This will be kept in the safeguarding children file.
If abuse of any form is suspected then it is not discussed amongst staff unless it is going to help the child (e.g. collecting evidence). This is a confidential matter and will not be discussed outside of nursery.
If a referral has to be made:
A referral will be made by the nominated person or the nursery manager/deputy manager. In the event of having to make a referral we ensure we have;
· The name, address, date of birth, ethnic origin and gender of the child
· The names and contact numbers of the parents or carers or close family members
· The name and address of the child’s doctor and health visitor
· The nature of the injuries observed and the reasons for our concerns.
· Any information about previous welfare concerns, current and historical situations you maybe aware of.
Following the telephone referral we will follow this up in writing possibly by completing a multi-agency referral form.
If we are concerned we will seek advice from the Gloucestershire Safe Guarding Children Board.